Personal Care and Service Occupations

Employment of personal care and service occupations is projected to grow 8 percent over the next ten years, much faster than the average for all occupations. This employment growth is expected to result in about 364,300 new jobs.

Personal care and service occupations have a median annual wage of $26,220, which is lower than the median annual wage for all occupations of $39,810.

Animal Care and Service Workers

Animal care and service workers provide care for animals. They feed, groom, bathe, and exercise pets and other nonfarm animals.

Barbers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists

Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists provide haircutting, hairstyling, and a range of other beauty services.

Childcare Center Directors

Preschool and childcare center directors supervise and lead their staffs, design program plans, oversee daily activities, and prepare budgets. They are responsible for all aspects of their center’s program.

Childcare Workers

Childcare workers attend to the basic needs of children, such as dressing, bathing, feeding, and overseeing play. They may help younger children prepare for kindergarten or assist older children with homework.

Fitness Trainers and Instructors

Fitness trainers and instructors lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or groups in exercise activities, including cardiovascular exercises (exercises for the heart and blood circulation), strength training, and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels.

Funeral Service Workers

Funeral service workers organize and manage the details of a funeral.

Gaming Services Workers

Gaming services workers serve customers in gambling establishments, such as casinos or racetracks. Some workers tend slot machines, deal cards, or oversee other gaming activities such as keno or bingo. Others take bets or pay out winnings. Still others supervise or manage gaming workers and operations.

Home Health Aides and Personal Care Aides

Home health aides and personal care aides help people with disabilities, chronic illnesses, or cognitive impairment by assisting in their daily living activities. They often help older adults who need assistance. In some states, home health aides may be able to give a client medication or check the client’s vital signs under the direction of a nurse or other healthcare practitioner.

Manicurists and Pedicurists

Manicurists and pedicurists clean, shape, and beautify fingernails and toenails.

Recreation Workers

Recreation workers design and lead activities to help people stay active, improve fitness, and have fun. They work with groups in summer camps, fitness and recreational sports centers, nursing care facilities, nature parks, and other settings. They may lead such activities as arts and crafts, sports, music, dramatics, or games.

Skincare Specialists

Skincare specialists cleanse and beautify the face and body to enhance a person’s appearance.

Additional Personal Care and Service Occupations

Amusement and Recreation Attendants

Amusement and Recreation Attendants perform a variety of duties at amusement or recreation facilities.

Baggage Porters and Bellhops

Baggage Porters and Bellhops handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.


Concierges offer personal services to assist patrons at hotels, apartments, or office buildings.

Costume Attendants

Costume Attendants select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers. May assist with multiple costume changes during performances.


Embalmers prepare dead bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers (all other)

All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.

First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers

First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers directly supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies.

Funeral Attendants

Funeral Attendants perform a variety of tasks during funerals, such as placing caskets in the parlor or chapel prior to services, arranging floral offerings or lights around caskets, directing or escorting mourners, closing caskets, and issuing and storing funeral equipment.

Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants

Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.

Makeup Artists (Theatrical and Performance)

Makeup Artists apply makeup to performers to reflect the period, setting, and situation of their roles.

Motion Picture Projectionists

Motion Picture Projectionists set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.

Personal Care and Service Workers (all other)

All personal care and service workers not listed separately.

Residential Advisors

Residential Advisors coordinate activities in residential facilities in secondary school and college dormitories, group homes, or similar establishments.


Shampooers shampoo and rinse customers' hair.

Tour Guides and Escorts

Tour Guides and Escorts escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.

Travel Guides

Travel Guides plan, organize, and conduct long-distance travel, tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.

Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers

Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers assist patrons at entertainment events by collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating rest rooms and telephones.

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